5G will allow many objects to be connected which are not currently connected.
The Internet of Things market is booming. But some IoT applications require more performance in the exchanges, increased density, guaranteed availability and quality of service ...
5G already brings many advantages, since the release of the eMBB (enhanced Mobile Broadband): speeds higher than those of 4G, decongestion thanks to the use of complementary frequency bands… This technology is very important for video surveillance or multimedia exchanges, for example.
5G will also make it possible, with the URLLC (Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications) or Critical IoT, to address the critical use cases of IoT, with a guaranteed performance and very low latency times, necessary for reactions in real time, of the order of a few milliseconds, i.e. 100 times than with current 4G.
The third stage of 5G, massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC) or Massive IoT, will support a very high density of objects: several tens of thousands per km². This coverage will be essential in small spaces such as factories, stadiums, convention centers, train stations, etc. In addition, from 2025, 5G will be ten times more energy efficient than 4G.
5G takes all the advantages of cellular networks already widely used for IoT solutions: end-to-end security, centralized management of connections and SIM cards ... by very significantly increasing speed, bandwidth, reliability, responsiveness, density supported, but also by optimizing energy consumption.
The development of this network was designed to correspond to new uses: autonomous cars, remote surgery in real time, management of smart cities, virtual and augmented realities, etc.
5G will also promote the development of edge computing, i.e. the distribution of computing and storage capacities in servers located closer to connected objects: in buildings, factories, campuses, etc. premise) or in the operator's network (network edge), in addition to central servers in the cloud. Edge computing is ideal for critical real-time applications.
With the strong growth in volume of connected objects, production costs will drop, IoT applications will multiply.
The launch of 5G will revolutionize the world of IoT, diversify smart objects and develop applications in all industries.
By being faster and more reliable, 5G networks will improve the performance of real-time surveillance systems: security cameras, connected locks.
5G already deployed for companies is accelerating Industry 4.0: product tracing, quality monitoring, predictive maintenance, digitization of manufacturing processes, etc.
In the agricultural sector, new challenges will be better managed thanks to connected objects: reducing the environmental impact with a fairer use of resources, meeting traceability needs, improving animal health on farms ...
The new generation of cellular network is also coming to the world of personal services, public or private:
But the deployment of 5G will also affect our daily lives, at home and in the car. The most anticipated application remains the autonomous and connected car.
The volume of data collected and processed will explode. The major issue in the deployment of 5G remains data security.
The cellular network is a much more secure mode of connectivity than the others. The deployment of 5G is eagerly awaited to develop the IoT ecosystem. Today, one of the brakes for individuals, businesses and public authorities is the risk of data piracy.
The most targeted devices are connected cameras (which steal images) or voice assistants (which record conversations). These objects contain sensors that can be hacked to steal private information. However, in the field of safety, health or public services, some data can be very sensitive.
With the number of connected objects exceeding 10 billion, the challenges of IoT networks are both managing massive application development and securing IoT networks.